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The belt sander is a valuable ally of the handyman even when he is a beginner. Powerful but easy to tame, it is ideal for flat surfaces.

Use an electric belt sander

The basics for working with a belt sander

Belt sander

Equipped with a continuously rotating belt, this machine whose power varies from 600 to 1100 W must be controlled not to dig the material.
The sander must be moved smoothly and evenly.
The steel sole that defines the contact surface when sanding must be wide enough to provide good performance.
The current sanders are equipped with an electronic dimmer which allows the speed to be adjusted according to the desired sanding and the nature of the material. Slow speeds are used primarily for working on heat sensitive surfaces.

Abrasive of a belt sander

The abrasive slips on a sole between the two rollers. To facilitate the circulation of the band, it is sometimes lined with a graphite canvas.

Speed ​​adjustment of a belt sander

The electronic variator makes it possible to adapt the speed to the type of materials.
Slow speed for heat-sensitive coatings, fast for hardwoods.

Lay the abrasive tape on an electric sander

The tape has a direction of scroll markable by an arrow.
To avoid tearing, match it with the one indicating the direction of travel on the machine.

Remove the abrasive tape from a sander

To remove a used band, rotate the side lever to compress the spring and give slack to the fabric.
Pulling it on each side makes it easy to clear.

Aligning the abrasive tape of an electric sander

To align the belt, turn on the sander.
Using the wheel, change the angle of the rotation axis of the front roller for parallel scrolling.

Connecting an electric sander to the vacuum

Even if the sander has a built-in suction and a bag, connect it to a vacuum cleaner to better evacuate the dust and preserve the bands.

First pass of a belt sander

Start the engine at full speed before approaching the surface to be sanded.
At first contact, hold back a little the machine that tends to go forward.

Guiding a belt sander

Do not press on during work; the belt sander could dig the wood.
Just guide her in the direction of the fibers and let her weight do the rest.

Blocking a belt sander

On some models, a support plate is anchored on one side and screwed on the other.
If the non-slip pads are not enough, lock the plate with clamps.

Raw wood surfacing on a belt sander

To plan rough woods with a short sole, treat the wood guide against the parallel guide and the sanding surface, machine turned upside down.

Attach a belt sander to a stationary tool

If the sander is attached to a workbench, a stationary machine is available.
Associated with a lateral guide and angle, it becomes a practical vertical tool.

Metal protective sole on belt sander

A metal sole can sometimes be added: very practical for sanding parquet, it makes it possible to limit abrasion and avoids digging the wood.

Attach a sanding frame to protect a floor from the abrasion of a belt sander

This sanding frame is attached to the soleplate by pins. You must unscrew the depth adjustment knob to engage the pins.

Changing the sanding depth of a belt sander

Once the frame is in place, the machine is raised or lowered by turning the adjustment knob to change the depth of the sanding.

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