A number of plants with fragile stems must be staked. This is the case of tomatoes, rowing beans, dahlias, gladioli, etc. It is also the case of the shrubs which have just been planted and which, still little rooted, must be staked to resist the wind. Finally, if you lack space, you can choose some climbing varieties, which will occupy less space on the ground.
The simple tutor
• It is a simple right stick, a height corresponding to the maximum development of the plant. The plant is attached to the guardian by ties of raffia or plastic (which must remain loose enough not to pinch the stem).
• Bamboo, highly sought after, is replaced by reinforced fiberglass.
• In general, tutors are replaced every three or four years.
The double guardian
For tomatoes in particular. A small portico about 1 m high is formed with two straight stakes and a vertical bar.
The guardian in V
• Two straight sticks are joined at the top by a link. A long rod assembles the inverted V thus obtained to maintain them (formation of ranks).
• This type of guardian can be used for row beans and peas.
• These are nets with large stitches, originally made of string, now made of plastic, and stretched between two stakes above the boards or rows of crops, or flowers such as
nasturtiums or sweet peas.
• They allow the plant to grow vertically instead of crawling on the ground as it would naturally.
• In the vegetable garden, fillets are used mainly for the cultivation of beans and row peas, but also for that of a number of cucurbits: melons and cucumbers, for example, but also gherkins. This method of cultivation avoids having to stoop continuously during the harvest.
• The nets are also very popular in the greenhouse, where they save a maximum of surface.
• These guardians are reserved for climbing woody plants in the pleasure garden, especially climbing roses.
• Generally painted green, they are shaped like a small pylon (the rose grows in the middle), or even an umbrella for mourning forms.
• There are also plastic supports for smaller plants.
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