For a long time fallen into oblivion because too restrictive of use, the stove is nowadays part of the heating methods recommended by sustainable development. Technically and aesthetically perfected, subject to rigorous labels, it is not without danger of health hazards. What are the causes, how to fix it?
Wood smoke, can be dangerous for health
Wood smoke is inevitable since it comes from the burning of logs or pellets. It contains many pollutants that require all attention. They are subdivided into 4 categories: carbon monoxide (CO), particulate matter (PM), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).
Exposure to wood smoke can cause a eye irritation, nose and throat and many allergies. It causes headaches, nausea, dizziness and can worsen asthma. People with heart or respiratory problems and children who inhale more air, because they are more active than an adult, are particularly sensitive to these fumes.
This wood smoke naturally creeps into the indoor air but can also come from outside.
How to reduce the risks due to wood smoke
Wood smoke is undeniably linked to the tightness of a stove and the effectiveness of its evacuation system. One of the safest ways to limit smoke fumes is to turn to green flame equipment. Devices that carry this certification guarantee a minimum discharge of fumes and hence of carbon monoxide. They are often equipped with a combustion chamber "triple envelope", pledge additional sealing.
It is therefore advisable to be particularly careful when renovating an old stove. In general, entrust the installation of your stove to a professional. He is the guarantor of compliance with safety rules essential for good connections and optimal ventilation.
Maintenance is also essential to guarantee duct sealing and prevent leakage of harmful fumes. This does not prevent you from investing in a smoke detector alerting you immediately in case of problems. Otherwise, watch for the color of the smoke coming out of your chimney. The darker it is, the more it is loaded with pollutants.