Mastering the technique of mulching will help you protect your plants and even facilitate their growth.
Mulching is a gardening technique born in the United States in the 1950s. By covering the soil around the plant's feet, mulch avoids chemical weeding and many other benefits to your plants. What are the benefits of mulching, the existing methods and the ideal times to achieve it?
The benefits of mulching
The benefits of mulching are numerous.
- 1 It prevents weeds from growing around trees, shrubs and plants and between the rows of a vegetable garden.
- 2 It retains moisture, thus limiting the water requirements of the soil in your garden.
- 3 It protects jelly stumps and soil against compaction.
- 4 It prevents your fruits and vegetables from being soiled and helps the microfauna to grow, allowing the soil to be of better quality.
- 5 If it is a natural mulch, when it decomposes, it nourishes the soil of your garden.
The different methods of mulching
Organic mulching, mineral, mulch tarpaulin... There are different kinds of mulching.
On the natural mulch side, there are pine needles, wood chips, mown grass, dead leaves or crushed dry fern and cocoa shells.
You can also use a mulch cover (plastic film, woven fabric) or cardboard (preferably recyclable).
Other possibilities: pebbles, gravel and slate in pieces, from the category of mineral mulch.
When to mulch?
It is recommended to mulch in the summer (after moistening the soil when temperatures are high) or in the fall to protect plants and soils when temperatures are cool or even negative.
When spring arrives, mulch must be removed as the soil warms, increasing the risk of parasite proliferation.
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