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The stencil is the simplest of the techniques of series reproduction of a drawing. He invites himself in all the rooms of the house, is used on many materials and gives free rein to the creation.

Use stencils to decorate at home

Practical work

Before you start on the wall of the living room, practice on a sheet of paper. This is an opportunity to test your skill and choose the right colors. Charge your brush or roll very little: every new application increases the density of the color.
The relief effects are achieved by covering with a stronger or lighter hue, sometimes without even waiting for the paint to dry. If you use acrylic paint, brush and roll under the water regularly to maintain flexibility.
For friezes and borders, once the first strip is painted, carefully peel off the stencil and then put it back next, aligning the positioning marks with a light line previously drawn in pencil. This one will be erased later.

A cheap decoration

In the paint department of DIY superstores, in creative hobby shops or on the Internet (pochoirs.net), you will be spoiled for choice for stencils. They are sold in rolls for friezes and edgings, flat for flexible plastic supports and are generally self-adhesive and repositionable without difficulty. On the other hand, they are not always reusable. Count between 13 and 25 € for the most common drawings.

The necessary equipment is reduced to a minimum:

a batch of dye brushes of different diameters, a foam applicator roll, masking tape and paint.
Rather than a special paint sold in mini-packaging (quite expensive ?!), use a standard acrylic paint (opt for the smallest packaging), it has the advantage (and sometimes the disadvantage) of fast drying.

To the wall

To the wall

Stencilled borders are used to delimit areas of color. We can decorate a base (as here with a demarcation at about 90 cm from the ground), make a high chair rail (about 60 cm from the ceiling) or simulate a cornice (about ten centimeters under ceiling).

What is stencil painting and how?: paint

To succeed your stencil without burr, paint the entire wall, here with the gray color. Position the stencil on the mark previously marked with a level. A two-part protector facilitates the installation of this border. The blue pellets serve as screens to reserve a part of the decor that later receives a third color.

What is stencil painting and how?: stencil

To apply the color of the base, use a roller "biting" on the stencil. The design is revealed in all its precision when removing the cover. In our example, the masking pellets were peeled off after drying the underlay paint. The red paint keys are applied directly to the gray background with a fine brush.

On the door

On the door

The stencils are also displayed in giant format. This one comes from a window decoration. Recovered, it exactly meets the dimensions of this service door overlooking a garden.

What is stencil painting and how?: painting

For a large, non-stick stencil, as in our example, be sure to attach it securely to the stand. Use a not too sticky adhesive tape, such as masking tape for paint, to facilitate repositioning.
To paint this stencil cardboard, like all non-waterproof models, brushes and foam rollers are very little loaded with paint and are used almost dry.

Of all the colors

Of all the colors

The colorful friezes (here, fruit-inspired), always have a lot of effect. Despite the appearances and the multiplication of the colors, they execute without difficulty, or almost.

What is stencil painting and how?: painting

To get started, chock your stencil on the marks previously drawn with a spirit level and a ruler. Then determine the colors assigned to each fruit and leaves. Once the palette is established, the color overhangs on the mask serve as landmarks to reposition the frieze as and when.
If you want to save time in the realization, use acrylic paint that dries quickly ?: you can go to the next color without waiting for a complete drying. Anything can be done in the process.? Any slight overhangs can be corrected without leaving a trace ?: Simply iron the brush or roller again.

Personal reasons

Personal reasons

Drawing his stencil is not complicated. You can create your own pattern, or take a traced design from a magazine. The photocopiers and the computer scanners have a zoom mode that allows accurate scaling respecting the proportions.

What is stencil painting and how?: painting

To reproduce your pattern, use a water-resistant medium, not a regular tracing paper that curls when wet.
Failing to find this support in a graphic arts shop, a makeshift solution is to use a former X-ray.
Use suitable cutters and a cutting mat.
To limit the offsets of patterns that are too visible, but almost inevitable, start and finish stenciling at an angle.
Offsets are easier to hide by "cheating" lightly.

Part of drawer jumpers

Part of drawer jumpers

The children's room is a favorite area for stencils.
The raw or painted wood furniture, just like the cardboard boxes, are perfect for stylized reproductions of animals, clowns, flying objects...

What is stencil painting and how?: stencil

To animate this small drawers in three dimensions, the drawing of the frog on the right starts on the side of the cabinet and continues on the facade.
The stencil used for the frog at the top left is simply reused on the wrong side, creating a mirror effect.
This variation is used in a corner of walls, between wall and ceiling or floor.
To play with the shades, you can apply two different color paints to the dabbing brush, held vertically.
For acrylic paint, count on average six hours of drying between each coat.

Give relief

Give relief

You can also make stencil patterns with a slight relief. Simply replace the paint with plaster.
The conditions to be met for the support (solid, dry, dust-free) remain the same.
However, avoid drawings that are too small.
To create your embossed decor, use a powder-coated or ready-to-use plaster.
Spread the dough with a spatula, covering the drawing to a thickness of 1 to 3 mm.
To remove the stencil from the substrate, do not wait for the coating to harden. If the pattern continues continuously, curly, wait for the dough to dry.
A bit long with a single cover, the method is fully compatible with the use of a thin sticker stencil sold by length of 3 meters.


Video Instruction: How to make STENCILS for SPRAY PAINT ART