Works of the month of December
➞ To change holly, pick branches of cotoneaster for your bouquets; without thorns, they are just as decorative.
➞ Start fruit sizes, they should never be done when it freezes. You continue until March.
➞ Protect birds from recent split grafts. A wicker arch placed above will provide a replacement perch.
➞ Extend chervil harvests by sheltering them under a simple tunnel.
➞ Scrape the moss on the trunk of the fruit trees. It is safe for trees, but hosts parasites that will lay in the spring.
➞ Check the staking of recently planted trees. whatever they are, the guardians must not rub on the trunks.
➞ Houseplants and cold greenhouses are in half-rest. If they look gray, do not bring fertilizer but repot them with a little advance to restart them.
➞ Basin orchids twice a day, even if they are budding. use lukewarm, non-calcareous water.
The hedge is the indispensable complement of our gardens. It has various aspects depending on the use intended for it and the surrounding environment. Before choosing this or that "wall" plant, make sure it meets your expectations.
The first precaution is to choose species adapted to the soil and climate of your region. vast for the average of our territory, the choice becomes more limited in the extreme cases: seaside, mountain, very chalky soil or very acid...
The function of a hedge plays a role in its dimensions (in height, especially) and its mode of maintenance. Inside the garden, a separation hedge can remain low: it is there to give rhythm and mark the transition from one style to another (ornamental garden, vegetable garden...). It can also play windbreaks or serve as a background to a colorful flowerbed.
On the other hand, a fence hedge, located on the edge of your field, reaches at least the height of a man. It must consist of dense plants (most often persistent). The styles are variable, from well-cut conifer to the wild field hedge, through a mixed composition, floral or not.
If in doubt, rely on successful examples that you find in the vicinity of your home. It is also possible to get advice from an experienced gardener. It will probably allow you to think outside the box.
Whatever the hedge chosen, know that it will require a follow-up interview: a size twice a year in April and August (or September) for the most sophisticated, and a cleaning every three years for the wildest.
Without maintenance, your plant wall will become an unmanageable mess, often difficult to catch up. Not to mention that a number of conifers, to name a few, do not accept to be carved on old wood.
Finally, stay in agreement with the law (and your neighbors!) Respecting the legal planting distances. These may vary from one municipality to another, and you will be interested in finding out from your town hall. As a precaution, we advise you to add a small margin to avoid any dispute.
Use shears for informal hedges and small areas. The hedge trimmer and the cord are only needed for regular and large hedges.
Cleverly laid out in the garden, the hedges are used to delimit distinct areas and surprise. They can give the illusion of a bigger space. Use country essences, which will be forgotten.
In this simple formula, the separation hedge gives way to an ivy on wire that requires less space. This evergreen foliage provides a permanent base for ornamental shrubs (such as these hydrangeas) or a flower bed.
Free hedges are suitable for country gardens. Favor flowering shrubs (buddléias, Spanish broom...) to which you add persistent (here, pines).
Varying shrubs and pruning styles creates mixed hedges and gives life to the garden. The elemagnuses, cut in line, are based on just reeded aucubas, which make the link with free trees.
Once the land is enriched and returned, arrange the shrubs on their site. This step makes it possible to respect their spacing.
When de-aerating, check that the roots do not cover more than two-thirds of the visible surface of the root ball. Beyond, it will seriously air the clod to the claw.
Finish with a good mulch: it limits evaporation and discourages weeds. A drip irrigation facilitates rooting the first two summers.
Examples of shrubs adapted to hedges
A. Champion easy hurdles, the charm supports the size like nobody. Its foliage turns brown and persists in winter, like that of beech. Both species are suitable for all environments.
B. Use with care golden or variegated varieties. This picturesque dogwood elegantly marks an opening in a uniform green hedge.
C. Too little used, holly is both defensive and ornamental. To prune it, work first with the hedge trimmer, then finish with secateurs to eliminate cut leaves.
D. Persistent and strong, bamboos offer many benefits. They grow vigorously in almost all soils. You will limit the tracing species by means of root barriers.
E. Persistent, the Texas troher (Ligustrum texanum) has a generous glossy foliage. It is suitable for both hedgerows and hedgerows. It disappears under the flowers in June-July.