To make a good fire you need: a fireplace, and wood... but not just any! It is often mistakenly thought that any kind of wood can be fired, whereas for a quality fire, some wood rules must be strictly followed.
Which wood to use for a chimney?
The preferred woods
A fire of quality is a fire that lasts and that heats. For this to be the case, there must be enough embers. And for there to be enough embers, you need a wood that does not burn too fast. To know if a wood will burn quickly or not, we look at its density: the denser the wood, the more it will produce embers over a long period.
We thus distinguish hardwoods (which are denser and give off more heat) soft woods (which burn quickly, but produce little embers therefore heat little).
If we want a beautiful outbreak that heats a long timewe will therefore favor hard woods such as: oak, hornbeam, maple, ash, elm, mountain birch, beech, walnut, olive.
And for the less dense woods but all the same interesting: robinia (acacia), cultivated or wild fruit trees, wild cherry, wild birch, mountain ash, broadleaf willow...
The woods to avoid
Logically, the use of softwoods is not recommended if you want to make a fire of quality.
The main trees with soft wood are: linden, walnut, alder, poplar, or plane tree.
Not to mention all so-called coniferous trees (conifers that produce resins, such as spruce, fir, pine, cedar, cypress, larch...).
To note: The use of chestnut wood can be dangerous because it is a wood that explodes when burned.
What wood to light a fire?
Conifers are often thought to be useful for lighting a fire (because they burn quickly and produce heat quickly), but in reality they quickly foul the ducts of your chimney, and are therefore very moderately used. For ignition, crate wood is ideal because it burns quickly and without clogging!
We not recommended strongly also the use of treated, painted, varnished, plywood or chipboard: not only by burning they release toxic substances for our health and the environment, but they can dirty and damage the flue.
Dry wood, otherwise nothing!
The worst enemy of a successful fire? The wet wood! And yes, the more a wood is dry, the more the fire will be beautiful, because the wood will burn well, without doing too much smoke.
It is therefore necessary to leave the wood time to dry: after 2 years, it will contain only 15% moisture.
For a wood to dry in good conditions, it must be stored in a ventilated area. And we do not forget that the small pieces dry faster than the big ones, so we think to cut the big logs in smaller quarters!