- Choosing a wood stove
- An advantageous system
- Different types of stoves
- Quality and safety standards
- Tax benefits and tax credit
The idea of enclosing the fire to protect it and then to better exploit the heat is certainly not new. It goes back to the origins of humanity. The stove has always been the safest way to concentrate the heat of the flame while facilitating combustion. If, over time, the fuel has evolved (wood, coal, lignite and even fuel), it has now returned almost exclusively to the use of wood and its derivatives (pellets, pellets).
Choosing a wood stove
A simple principle
The wood stove is a closed appliance, comprising a cast iron or steel chamber, in which the logs are locked up for burning. A pipe allows the evacuation of the flue gases in a flue. The apparatus operates mainly by radiation and partly by convection. Depending on its mass and therefore its inertia, it can restore the heat accumulated over a longer or shorter period.
An advantageous system
The wood stove has many advantages, among which:
- an efficiency very advantageous (up to 90% for some models with granules);
- a combustion easy (if the wood is dry) relatively adjustable;
- diffusion fast and pleasant heat;
- autonomy satisfactory;
- a cost interesting use;
- a meeting limited (sweeping twice a year of the pipe);
- a character eco-citizen (use of renewable energy) eligible for a tax credit;
- an installation easy involving neither big jobs, nor important expenses.
Different types of stoves
The stoves are distinguished by:
- their type of fuelwood, in various forms, being at present the most used and the most interesting;
- their type of combustion (bright, continuous or natural convection);
- their building material (Cast iron with metal casing, enamelled sheet and cast iron, earthenware and terra cotta, sheet and refractory bricks, etc.).
(From left to right: JØTUL F100, JØTUL F118, JØTUL F274, JØTUL F100)
The stoves are distinguished by:
- a large size which requires to have large storage possibilities;
- the near impossibility of an automatic reloading and therefore a limited autonomy.
Quality and safety standards
They must also be part of your selection criteria. Only hold stoves certified or labeled NF and FLAME GREEN. This is for you a double guarantee of safety and quality of performance (GREEN FLAME label covering the right to the tax credit).
Tax benefits and tax credit
The wood heating equipment of your home and your sanitary water, whether as main source or extra, can give you access to specific help. The supply and installation by the same company of a wood stove or an individual wood boiler supplying radiators generate a VAT at only 5.5%. The purchase of firewood benefits from this same reduced rate. If the heater or wood boiler exceeds a 70% efficiency and has a green flame label, it can open a tax credit. For this type of product, it is also possible to obtain, under conditions, a grant from ANAH (National Habitat Agency).
(photos / visuals: © Jøtul, except special mention)
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