The works on the common parts are voted by the co-owners during the general assembly. The realization of works makes it possible to keep the good in a good state of use for the common good of the co-ownership. The price of the work is paid by all the co-owners in proportion to their share held in the building.
Works on the common parts of a condominium
The common parts represent a common good which belongs therefore to all the co-owners. They represent access roads, corridors, stairs, courtyards and gardens. Structural work and equipment such as the facade of the building, the roof, the elevators, the collective heating, the pipelines, the electricity network are also part of the common property of the condominium.
Since the common parts are for the use of all the co-owners, the work must be voted on in general assembly.
The different types of work on common areas
Generally, it is the trustee who proposes community work necessary to the good state of use and the preservation of the building. Only the co-owners have the power to accept or refuse the work after a vote at the GA. The works of the common parts can be classified in 3 main categories:
- maintenance work
- the work of improvement or renovation
- urgent work that is often the subject of an extraordinary general meeting
For collective installations such as elevators and boilers, there are maintenance contracts that allow to intervene quickly in case of breakdown or emergency without appealing to the co-owners. These maintenance contracts also include regular reviews of appliances and equipment made by certified professionals. The results are mentioned on a maintenance booklet and can be consulted by all the co-owners.
On the other hand, the big jobs require a discussion between co-owners and a vote to authorize or not the work. When the work is voted on by the general meeting, the trustee is obliged to carry out the work. Some works sometimes require an administrative authorization such as building permit or declaration prior to the works. The cost of the work is distributed among the co-ownersin proportion to thousandths of each.
Competition between providers
The trustee mentions in the agenda of the AG the work necessary for the proper maintenance of the building and its preservation over time. In order not to favor a particular professional and to leave a maximum choice to the co-owners, the trustee has the obligation to propose several quotes suppliers and service providers.
If work carried out in a privative part modifies the common parts, it is necessary in this case to make an authorization vote at the general meeting to allow the co-owner to undertake his work.