- Draw the plans of his house by hand
- Draw the plans of his house with software
- Free house plans available on the Internet
It is essential to establish a program, ie a specification of the project: type of house, living space, number of rooms, urban planning constraints, etc. Then you can quite draw, yourself, the plans of your house. Depending on your affinities with paper, pencil and eraser or computer keyboard, it is by hand or through software that you will realize the plans.
Draw the plans of his house by hand
Start with choose a ladder. In general, the plans are drawing at 1/100: 1 cm on the paper equals 1 m in reality. Take preferably graph paper, a pencil, a ruler and a good eraser, because you will make wide use of it!
Attention, the plan of mass and the plan of situation are on a smaller scale, since they represent the project as a whole.
To draw the implantation of the house on the ground, preferably leave the plan developed by the surveyor. Attention to the possible errors of the cadastral plan. It is not always reliable.
By convention, the north is always located at the top of the sheet.
Start by drawing the plan of each level (basement, ground floor, first floor) showing the exterior walls, doors, French windows and windows. Then define each room by drawing the partitions and interior doors. Define the place of stairs, corridors, etc.
While tracing your sketches, remember that everything on 2D paper must translate into 3D. Think in 3D! To concretely realize the interior plan of your house, do not hesitate to to furnish it: place furniture, tables, chairs, sofas, beds, etc. in the rooms that are intended for them. This work will help you choose the location of light points, electrical outlets and switches.
Draw the plans of his house with software
If the drawing is not your forte, you can quite use architecture software to draw the plans of your house. The most complete offer to realize the plans in 2D but also in 3D. You can then really realize the plan of arrangement of your house.
The advantage of these tools is that you can in a few clicks change the layout of the pieces, their area, their layout and decoration. They are easy to use and have tutorials to help you get started. These software (free or paid) are either to download or directly accessible online without downloading.
Free house plans available on the Internet
On the Internet you will find many sites offering free house plans. Most are actually sites of builders or associations of builders who present their achievements. To access the plans, you must register. Of course, the builder will propose you to realize your project!
It may be worthwhile to look at these plans even if then you get down to the task of making your plans yourself. They can be a source of inspiration. But be careful, do not resume as is a plan you like, unless it is explicitly allowed.
To make plans for your home, take your time. It takes a few hours of work to arrive at a satisfactory result. That is to say, a result that will suit you but that will take into account all the technical constraints of construction and all constraints of urban planning.
Take a step back and then get back to work. Do not hesitate to solicit your entourage to reread your work and check the coherence of your project.
Good to know: For the filing of the building permit, 4 plans are required (The ground plane, the plan of situation, the plan of frontage and the plan of cut). The interior plane is no longer required. On the other hand, it is as indispensable as the others because it is it which will guide the builder to realize your place of life.